Description of Special Key Functions
Below are the most commonly used keystrokes associated with the different Microsoft Windows operating system functions.
You can use these keyboard shortcuts to complete simple tasks within Windows, without the use of a mouse.
|<Left Arrow>||Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu|
|<Right Arrow>||Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu|
|<Backspace>||View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer|
|<Delete>||Delete selected item|
|<Esc>||Cancel the current task|
|<F2>||Rename a selected icon or directory|
|<F3>||Search for a file or folder|
|<F4>||Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer|
|<F5>||Refresh the open directory window or internet explorer page|
|<F6>||Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop|
|<F10>||Activate the menu bar in the active program|
|<Tab>||Move between fields in a dialog box|
|<Alt> + <Enter>||View properties for the selected file|
|<Alt> + <Esc>||Cycle through items in the order they were opened|
|<Alt> + <F4>||Close the active window|
|<Alt> + <Spacebar>||Display the system menu for the active window|
|<Alt> + <Tab>||Toggle between open windows/applications|
|<Alt> + underlined letter in menu name||Display the corresponding menu|
|<Alt> + <Shift> + <Tab>||Toggle backwards between open windows/applications|
|<Alt> + <Spacebar> + <N>||Minimize the active window|
|<Alt> + <Spacebar> + <R>||Restore the active window to its default size|
|<Alt> + <Spacebar> + <X>||Maximize the active window|
|<Ctrl> + <A>||Select all files in a directory|
|<Ctrl> + <Down Arrow>||Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph|
|<Ctrl> + <Left Arrow>||Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word|
|<Ctrl> + <Right Arrow>||Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word|
|<Ctrl> + <Up Arrow>||Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph|
|<Ctrl> + <C>||Copy the selected item|
|<Ctrl> + <End>||Go to the bottom of a directory window|
|<Ctrl> + <Esc>||Activate the Start button|
|<Ctrl> + <F4>||Close the active document, in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open, simultaneously|
|<Ctrl> + <Home>||Go to the top of a directory window|
|<Ctrl> + <V>||Paste what is in the clipboard|
|<Ctrl> + <X>||Cut the selected item|
|<Ctrl> + <Z>||Undo what was just done|
|<Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Delete>||Bring open a list of applications that are currently running|
|<Ctrl> +<Shift> + any <Arrow> keys||Highlight a block of text|
|<Ctrl> while dragging item with mouse pointer||Copy selected item|
|<Ctrl> + <Shift> while dragging item with mouse pointer||Create shortcut to selected item|
|<Shift> held down when CD is inserted||Prevent the CD from automatically playing|
|<Shift> + <Arrow> keys||Highlight files or document contents|
|<Shift> + <Delete>||Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin|
|<Shift> + <F10>||Functions the same as right-clicking|
|<Shift> + <Page Down>||Highlight everything after currently selected item|
|<Shift> + <Page Up>||Highlight everything before currently selected item|
|<Shift> + <Tab>||Moves backwards between fields in a dialog box|
|<Windows> key||Activate the Start button|
|<Windows> key + <E>||Open Windows Explorer|
|<Windows> key + <F>||Opens Find|
|<Windows> key + <M>||Minimize all windows|
|<Windows> key + <R>||Open Run box|
|<Windows> key + <Shift> + <M>||Maximize all windows|
|Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu||Carry out the corresponding command|
For more information on keyboard shortcuts, refer to the Microsoft Knowledge Base.
Browse to Microsoft Support and search for the keywords: Keyboard shortcut.
Key Layout and Features
On Windows standard keyboards, there are several special keys that do not appear on a typewriter that serve different functions:
Along the bottom row of the keyboard, on either side of the [Space bar], can be found the [Ctrl] keys, the [Alt] keys, the [Windows Flag] keys, and the [Application] key, which is a key with a picture of highlighted lines from a document with a mouse pointer pointing at them.
In the top left hand corner of the keyboard is the [Esc] key. Across the top row of the keyboard are twelve keys labeled [F1] through [F12] referred to as Function keys. To the right of the function keys are keys labeled [Print Screen/SysRq], [Scroll Lock] and [Pause/Break].
Immediately below these keys are six keys arranged in two rows of three keys each, labeled (from left to right and top to bottom): [Insert], [Home], [Page Up], [Delete], [End], and [Page Down]. Below these keys are four [Arrow] keys pointing in four different directions.
To the right of these keys is a numeric keypad, with the number keys arranged as the keys on an adding machine. In addition to numbers, all of these keys (except the  key) have symbols or labels on them that appear redundantly on the other special keys previously mentioned, such as [Home] on the  key. In the top left corner of the number pad is a key labeled [Num Lock]. There is also a second [Enter] key on the number pad, as well as keys labeled for various mathematical functions ([+],[-],[*],[/]).
The use for each key, starting in the top left, is:
Dato sist endret: 04/04/2016 08:49 AM