• Configuring file system shares


    Configuring file system shares

    Share local paths and export paths

    The following table describes the path settings for shares:

    Local path
    The path to the file system storage resource on the storage system. This path specifies the unique location of the share on the storage system.

    SMB shares

    • An SMB file system allows you to create multiple shares with the same local path. In these cases, you can specify different host-side access controls for different users, but the shares within the file system will all access common content.
    • A directory must exist before you can create shares on it. Therefore, if you want the SMB shares within the same file system to access different content, you must first create a directory on the Windows host that is mapped to the file system. Then, you can create corresponding shares using Unisphere. You can also create and manage SMB shares from the Microsoft Management Console.
    Export path
    The path used by the host to connect to the share. Unisphere creates the share export path based on the name of the share and the name of the file system where it resides. Hosts use either the file name or the export path to mount or map to the share from a network host.

    Create an SMB share

    Before you begin

    The file system or snapshot you choose as the share's source must be associated with a NAS server that supports the SMB protocol.

    1. Under Storage, select File > File Systems.
    2. Select the relevant file system, and then select More Actions > Create an SMB share (CIFS).
    3. On the File System page, specify whether the share is for the selected file system or for a snapshot of the selected file system.
    4. On the General page, enter the relevant information, noting the following:
      • The value specified in the Share Name field, along with the NAS server name, constitutes the name by which hosts access the share.
      • Share names must be unique at the NAS server level per protocol.
      • Local Path must correspond to an existing folder name within the file system that was created from the host-side.
    5. On the Advanced page, optionally configure advanced settings for the share.
    After you finish

    Once you create a share, you can modify it using the Microsoft Management Console. For information, see Configuring Hosts to Access SMB File Systems, which is available on the support website.

    Advanced SMB share properties

    You can configure the following advanced SMB share properties when you create an SMB share or change its properties:

    Continuous Availability
    Gives host applications transparent, continuous access to a share following a failover of the NAS server on the system (with the NAS server internal state saved or restored during the failover process).
    Note:  Enable continuous availability for a share only when you want to use Microsoft Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 protocol clients with the specific share.
    Protocol Encryption
    Enables SMB encryption of the network traffic through the share. SMB encryption is supported by SMB 3.0 clients and above. By default, access is denied if an SMB 2 client attempts to access a share with protocol encryption enabled.

    You can control this by configuring the RejectUnencryptedAccess registry key on the NAS Server. 1 (default) rejects non-encrypted access and 0 allows clients that do not support encryption to access the file system without encryption.

    Access-Based Enumeration
    Filters the list of available files and directories on the share to include only those to which the requesting user has read access.
    Note:  Administrators can always list all files.
    Branch Cache Enabled
    Copies content from the share and caches it at branch offices. This allows client computers at branch offices to access the content locally rather than over the WAN.

    BranchCache is managed from Microsoft hosts.

    Distributed File System (DFS)
    (Read only) Lets you group files located on different shares by transparently connecting them to one or more DFS namespaces. This simplifies the process of moving data from one share to another. This option is read only in Unisphere because you manage DFS from Microsoft hosts. For information, see the MIcrosoft Distributed File System documentation.
    Offline Availability
    Configures the client-side caching of offline files:
    • Manual: Files are cached and available offline only when caching is explicitly requested.
    • Programs and files opened by users: All files that clients open from the share are automatically cached and available offline. Clients open these files from the share when they are connected to it. This option is recommended for files with shared work.
    • Programs and files opened by users, optimize for performance: All files that clients open from the share are automatically cached and available offline. Clients open these files from the share's local cache, if possible, even when they are connected to the network. This option is recommended for executable programs.
    • None: Client-side caching of offline files is not configured.

    Change SMB share properties

    1. Under Storage, select File > SMB Shares.
    2. Select the relevant share, and then click the Edit icon.
    3. On the General tab, change the share description.
    4. On the Advanced tab configure advanced SMB properties.