This article provides information about how to install Ubuntu onto your Dell PC in addition to an existing Windows Vista or 7 operating system.
This guide takes you through how to set up your PC to dual-boot Ubuntu and Windows.
Where Windows is already installed on your PC, or you will install windows first before installing Ubuntu.
It is recommended a Windows operating system should be installed first. Windows does not include Non-Microsoft operating systems in its boot-menu. Installing windows can also affect any information already on your Hard Drive.
This article will deal with legacy Windows Operating Systems such as Vista and 7.
If you want to install a recent Windows Operating System such as Windows 8 or 10, please use the article that is linked below:
Have you checked that your system type is one of those certified by Canonical as being approved for Ubuntu?
If not, then please go to the Canonical site and check if your model has been tested by Canonical.
If you have and it is supported on this list, then carry on.
There are three things you need to check before you start an Ubuntu Install:
The type or format of your storage media can affect how you would go about installing Ubuntu on your PC. That can be anything from installing on one of the new M2 cards. Installing on a standard SATA hard disk drive. Installing on the same SATA hard disk drives in an Intel Matrix RAID configuration. Check that the hardware of your PC will allow you to make the kind of install you need. Or you can read through the articles that are linked below. These will give you an idea of how to change your installation method to accommodate your system hardware:
The difference between Legacy and UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) BIOS setups can be the difference between an install succeeding or failing. A Legacy Windows OS will usually install on a Legacy BIOS, while a recent Windows OS will need to install on a UEFI BIOS.
Ubuntu as with any other operating system is constantly looking to improve and better it is usage and performance. What is different with Ubuntu is that you have the option of two updates at any time:
This update is available every two years and is fully supported by Canonical with updates for five years. It is considered a tested and stable build.
This update is available every 6 months and is only supported by Canonical with updates for 9 months. These normal releases are considered to be cutting edge but can have issues because of this. These builds are used by testers and developers.
If you are looking instead to upgrade to a new version of Ubuntu, then please check out the article that is linked below:
If Windows is not already installed? Then go to one of the guides on the link below and select the correct install guide for the Operating System (OS) you will be using:
Most PCs come with a version of Windows already installed, and it will take up the whole hard-drive. The Windows partition needs to be shrunk. This will free space for the Ubuntu partition.
It is best to do this step from within the windows OS.
For Windows Vista and 7 - Legacy operating systems, you would use Disk Management:
Click the Start Button at the corner of your Taskbar and Right-click on My Computer and select Computer Management and go to Disk Management.
Press the Win+X keyboard shortcut and select Disk Management from the menu that appears.
Use the Windows Partition Manager to shrink the partitions.
Once you have sufficient Unallocated Space on the Hard Drive, then it is straightforward to install Ubuntu as the second operating system. You will want to boot from your Ubuntu DVD or USB drive.
Have you got a copy of the latest DVD or USB installation media from Canonical? These will include the latest updates and fixes for this operating system.
Tap rapidly on the F12 key at the Dell splash screen on startup. It will bring up and Boot Once menu. Using the Cursor/Arrow Keys, select your method of boot and press the ENTER key.
When the setup boots, choose the Try Ubuntu option. This option will check that your hardware is seen okay by Ubuntu.
When you are ready to proceed, click the Install Ubuntu button. The install wizard will appear to prompt you through some choices.
Select your install language and click Continue.
The Keyboard layout window appears. Select the correct keyboard layout for your system and click Continue.
The Preparing to install Ubuntu window appears. Choose the applicable options and click Continue.
If you do not have a wired connection plugged in, the install will take you through setting up a wireless Wi-Fi connection.
The Installation Type window appears. Several options are available.
If you want to Dual Boot install Ubuntu alongside other Operating Systems, read the guide below before you select the Install Ubuntu alongside Option. Go to step 14.
If you want to install Ubuntu over your entire hard drive, click Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu. Then select the Hard Drive that you want to install Ubuntu onto. You want to read the guide below for more information.
If you want to manually set up various partitionings on the Hard Drive, read the guide below before you select the Something Else option.
During installation you will be asked How do you want to partition the disk?
In the setup, choose to install the OS to either:
The largest available free space
Marked as Resize IDE1 master, partition #1 (hda1) and use freed space.
Choose the size of the new partition as a percentage of the Hard Drive and click Forward.
Continue with the Install.
Select a partition that you have already created for Ubuntu.
Marked down as Manually edit partition table.
Select the partition that you want from the list that is provided and press Enter.
Click Size then ENTER and Yes and ENTER again.
Choose the size in Gigabytes and press ENTER.
Select Finish partitioning and write changes to disk.
Click Install Now. From this point, you cannot cancel the installation.
Select the location closest to where you are and click Continue
The Who are you? window appears. You want to fill in your information at this point.
During the operating system install, the screen scrolls through screenshots of information about Ubuntu.
When the install wizard finishes, you will see the Installation is complete message window pop-up. Click Restart Now to restart your computer.
GRUB2 is the default Ubuntu boot manager. This gives you two choices:
Ubuntu is independent, and this means you do not have to write to other operating systems. You do need to change a line of code in the Master Boot Record (MBR) of the Hard Drive. Which is booted by the BIOS.
The MBR code needs to be changed to point to the Ubuntu boot loader.
Once this is done, you will see a list of operating systems when the PC starts and you can choose which one to boot. It will default boot to Ubuntu after a ten-second countdown.
If you select Windows, then it will load Windows for you at the Windows boot sector. Which is the first sector of the Windows partition.
If it goes wrong, you can run a repair from the install CD.
Do you have a problem changing the MBR code? You can install the code for pointing to GRUB to the first sector of your Ubuntu partition instead.
If you do that during the install process, buntu does not boot, until you change windows boot manager to point to Ubuntu's boot sector.
Windows Vista and 7 no longer utilize boot.ini, ntdetect.com, and ntldr when booting. Instead, they ship with a command-line utility called bcdedit.exe. You can find more information from the Microsoft pages.
Ubuntu is now installed.
You can go to the guide below for some initial setup information:
Desktops & All-in-Ones, Laptops, Inspiron, Latitude, Vostro, XPS, Fixed Workstations
21 2月 2021