How to Use and Troubleshoot Dell Docking Station WD19


How to Use and Troubleshoot Dell Docking Station WD19




Dell Docking Station WD19

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Getting Started with your Dell Docking Station WD19 Docking Station Dell Docking Station WD19 Dock Setup, Specifications and Service Manual Dell Drivers & Downloads Warranty & Support Services Frequently asked questions

Dell Docking Station WD19 links all your electronic devices to your laptop using a single USB Type-C (USB-C) cable. When you connect a supported laptop to the docking station, you can gain access to all your peripherals such as the mouse, keyboard, stereo speakers, external hard drive, and large-screen monitors without having to plug each device to the laptop.

Note: Dell Docking Station WD19 is compatible with Dell laptops that has a USB-C port that supports DisplayPort over USB-C alternate mode or Thunderbolt 3. Learn how to identify if the USB-C port on your laptop supports DisplayPort over USB-C.

For help with specifications, setup, connecting an external monitor, troubleshooting common issues, etc. refer to an expanding section below.

laptop Connectivity USB-C (with DisplayPort over USB-C)
Video ports
  • 2 x DisplayPort (DP 1.4)
  • 1 x HDMI (HDMI 2.0)
  • 1 x Thunderbolt 3 (USB Type-C) supports DP 1.4
Audio ports
  • 1 x Audio Line-out (rear)
  • 1 x Headphone/Microphone Combo (front)
Network ports
  • 1 x Gigabit Ethernet (RJ-45)
USB ports
  • 2 x USB 3.1 Gen1 ports (rear)
  • 1 x USB-C 3.1 (front)
  • 1 x USB 3.1 with PowerShare (front)
  • 1 x Thunderbolt 3 USB Type-C (rear)
Power or DC-in
  • 7.4 mm DC-in
Power Delivery Dell laptops
  • 90 W with Dell laptops and 130 W power supply
  • 130 W with Dell laptops and 180 W power supply
Non-Dell laptops
  • 90 W with non-Dell laptops and power supply

The Dell Docking Station WD19 is compatible with Dell laptops that has a USB-C port that supports DisplayPort over USB-C alternate mode or Thunderbolt 3. Before using the docking station, ensure that your laptop has a USB-C port that supports DisplayPort over USB-C.

Dell Docking Station WD19 Front Ports
Figure 1: Dell Docking Station WD19 Front Ports

1. USB-C 3.1 Gen1
2. USB 3.1 Gen1
3. Headphone/Microphone Combo

Dell Docking Station WD19 Front Ports
Figure 2: Dell Docking Station WD19 Front Ports

1. Audio line-out
2. DisplayPort 1.4
3. DisplayPort 1.4
4. HDMI 2.0
5. USB-C 3.1 Gen1 with DP 1.4
6. 2 x USB 3.1 Gen1
7. Gigabit Ethernet
8. AC power
Note: The Dell Docking Station WD19 will not function on a device with any USB-C port. Verify that your laptop supports DisplayPort over USB-C protocol.
Note: The power button on the docking station is designed to replicate the power button of the laptop. If you connect the Dell Docking Station WD19 to supported Dell laptops, the power button works like the power button on the laptop and you can use it to power on, sleep, or force shut down the laptop. The power button is not functional if connected to unsupported Dell laptops or non-Dell laptops.
Note: You must update your laptop BIOS and the Dell Docking Station drivers to the latest versions available at Dell Drivers & downloads website before using the docking station. Older BIOS versions and drivers could result in the docking station not recognized by your laptop or not functioning optimally.
Note: BIOS and video drivers differ between Dell laptops based on the configuration. Download the BIOS and video driver for your specific Dell laptop. Browse to Dell Drivers & downloads website, enter the Service Tag of the laptop and click Search or click Browse all products to select your laptop model from the catalog.

To fully support the new generation Dell Docking Station WD19, it is highly recommended to install the following BIOS or Drivers on a 64–bit Windows operating system:

  1. Browse to Dell Drivers & downloads page.
  2. Click Detect laptop to auto-detect your product, or enter your computer’s Service Tag in the Enter a Service Tag or Express Service Code field, or click Browse all products to browse to your computer model.
  3. Select the Operating System.
  4. Download and install the latest Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) for the computer. This is available in the "BIOS" section.
    Note: To learn more about updating the BIOS on a Dell computer, see the Dell knowledgebase article Dell BIOS Updates.
  5. Download and install the latest Intel or Nvidia or AMD graphics driver for the computer. This is available in the "Video" section.
  6. Download and install the latest Realtek USB Audio Driver for the docking station. This is available in the "Docks/Stands" section.
  7. Download and install the latest Realtek USB GBE Ethernet Controller Driver for the docking station. This is available in the "Docks/Stands" section.
  8. Restart the computer.
  9. After the driver update process completes, connect the AC adapter to the Dell WD19 dock first and then attach the USB Type-C (USB-C) cable to the computer before using the docking station.
Note: To learn more about installing device drivers, see the Dell knowledgebase article How to download and install a device driver?

To learn more about installing drivers for Dell Docking Station WD19 docking station, refer to the Dell knowledge-base article Dell Docking Station WD19 - Driver Installation Guide for Dell Docking Station WD19.

Microsoft Windows operating system includes the VGA graphics drivers only. For optimum graphics performance, it is recommended that Dell graphics drivers applicable for your laptop should be installed from Dell Drivers & Downloads website that is listed under the "Video" section.

Note:
  1. For Nvidia Discrete Graphics solutions on the Latitude E-Family and Mobile Dell Precision laptops:
    • First, install the Intel Media Adapter Graphics Driver applicable to your laptop.
    • Second, install the Nvidia Discrete Graphics Driver applicable to your laptop.
  2. For AMD Discrete Graphics solutions on the Latitude E-Family and Mobile Dell Precision laptops:
    • First, install the Intel Media Adapter Graphics driver applicable to your laptop.
    • Second, install the AMD Discrete Graphics driver applicable to your laptop.

Before connecting the docking station to your laptop and connecting a monitor and other external devices, ensure to install all the required drivers.

Connect the monitor to the docking station using the DisplayPort, HDMI, or USB-C cable provided with the monitor. The docking station supports up to 4 monitors* (available on select Dell laptops only) connected simultaneously. Refer to the Display Resolution Table below for more details about the supported resolution when connecting multiple monitors to the docking station.

To learn more about setting up and troubleshooting issues with multiple monitor setups, refer to these Dell knowledge-base articles How to Set up Multiple Monitors or How to Troubleshoot Multiple Monitor Issues


Display resolution table

External monitors require a certain amount of bandwidth to work properly. Monitors with higher resolution require more bandwidth.

  • HBR2 is DP 1.2 (5.4 Gbps maximum link rate per lane). With DP overhead, the effective data rate is 4.3 Gbps per lane
  • HBR3 is DP 1.4 (8.1 Gbps maximum link rate per lane). With DP overhead, the effective data rate is 6.5 Gbps per lane.
Resolution Minimum bandwidth required
1 x FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz 3.2 Gbps
1 x QHD (2560 x 1440) @ 60 Hz 5.6 Gbps
1 x 4k (3840 x 2160) @ 30 Hz 6.2 Gbps
1 x 4k (3840 x 2160) @ 60 Hz 12.5 Gbps

Display resolution table for non-Thunderbolt laptops

DisplayPort available bandwidth Single Display (maximum resolution) Dual Display (maximum resolution) Triple Display (maximum resolution)
HBR2 (HBR2 x2 lanes - 8.6 Gbps)
  • DP 1.4 (3840 x 2160 @ 30 Hz)
  • HDMI 2.0 (3840 x 2160 @ 30 Hz)
  • MFDP Type-C (3840 x 2160 @ 30 Hz)
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 - FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + HDMI 2.0 - FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + MFDP Type-C - FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 + HDMI 2.0 -
    1 x FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
    2 x HD (1280 x 720) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 + MFDP Type-C -
    1 x FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
    2 x HD (1280 x 720) @ 60 Hz
HBR3 ** (HBR3 x2 lanes - 12.9 Gbps)
  • DP 1.4 (3840 x 2160 @ 60 Hz)
  • HDMI 2.0 (3840 x 2160 @ 60 Hz)
  • MFDP Type-C (3840 x 2160 @ 60 Hz)
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 - QHD (2560 x 1440) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + HDMI 2.0 - QHD (2560 x 1440) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + MFDP Type-C - QHD (2560 x 1440) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 + HDMI 2.0 - FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
  • DP 1.4 + DP 1.4 + MFDP Type-C - FHD (1920 x 1080) @ 60 Hz
Note: Linux operating system is unable to physically turn-off built-in display, the external display numbers are one less than the display numbers listed in above tables.
If the Display Port Data Rate is HBR2, then, the maximum resolution that Linux supports is 8192 x 8192 (counted with built-in display plus external display).
Note: **Configuration that is supported with AMD and Nvidia in discrete-only mode or special-graphics mode. These modes are listed in the BIOS for the Dell Precision mobile workstations 7540 and 7740 and will require disabling switchable graphics for discrete-only mode or enabling special-graphics mode when Switchable is enabled. If the laptop does not have these options in the BIOS, then four monitors are not supported.
Note: HDMI and MFDP (MultiFunction DisplayPort) Type-C ports on the back of all docks in the WD19 family are toggled. HDMI and MFDP Type-C cannot support dual monitors simultaneously. Only one of these ports can be used as a display device at a time.
Note: If higher resolution monitors are used, the Graphics driver makes a judgment that is based on monitor specifications and display configurations. Some resolutions may not be supported and so will be removed from the Intel Graphics Media Control Panel.
Resolution support is also dependent on the monitor’s Extended Display Identification Data (EDID) resolution.
Symptom Possible Solution
Docking station does not power on.
  • Disconnect all the cables from the docking station, including the ac adapter.
  • Check the LED on the ac adapter plug. If the LED is off, try with a known-good ac adapter. Else, proceed to the next step.
  • Allow the docking station to auto reset. Do not connect any cables to the docking station for 3 minutes.
  • Connect the ac adapter to the docking station. The LED on the power button flashes 3 times to indicate that the self-test passed.
  • Power on the docking station. The LED on the power button remains lit.
  • If the docking station does not power on, contact Dell Technical Support for further help.
No video on the monitors that are attached to the High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI), mini-DisplayPort (mDP) port, or DisplayPort (DP) port on the docking station
  • Ensure that the latest BIOS and drivers for your laptop and the docking station are installed on your laptop.
  • Make sure your laptop is connected to the docking station securely. Try to disconnect and reconnect the docking station to the laptop.
  • Disconnect both ends of the video cable and check for damaged or bent pins. Securely reconnect the cable to the monitor and docking station.
  • Make sure the video cable (HDMI, or DisplayPort) is connected properly to the monitor and the docking station. Ensure to select the correct video source on your monitor (refer to your monitor’s documentation for more information about changing the video source).
  • Check the resolution settings on your laptop. Your monitor may support higher resolutions than what the docking station can support. Please see the Display Resolution Table for more information about maximum resolution capacity.
  • If your monitor is connected to the docking station, the video output on your laptop may be disabled. You can enable the video output using the Intel Graphics Control Panel or refer to the User Guide of your laptop.
  • If your monitor is connected to the docking station, the video output on your laptop may be disabled. You can enable the video output using the Intel Graphics Control Panel or refer to the User Guide of your laptop.
  • If only one monitor is shown, while the other is not, go to Windows Display Properties, and under Multiple Displays, select the output for the second monitor.
  • Using Intel graphics and using the laptop LCD, only two displays can be supported.
  • For Nvidia or AMD discrete graphics, the dock supports three external displays plus the laptop LCD.
  • Try with a different monitor and cable that is known to be good, if possible.
The video on the attached monitor is distorted or flickering.
  • Reset the monitor to Factory Defaults. Refer to the User Guide of your monitor for more information about how to reset the monitor to factory defaults.
  • Ensure that the video cable (HDMI, or DisplayPort) is connected securely to the monitor and the docking station.
  • Disconnect and reconnect the monitor/s from the docking station.
  • First power off the docking station by disconnecting the Type-C cable and then removing the power adapter from the dock. Then, power on the docking station by connecting a power adapter to the dock before connecting the Type-C cable to your laptop.
The video on the attached monitor is not displaying as an Extended Monitor.
  • Ensure that the Intel HD Graphics driver is installed in the Windows Device Manager.
  • Ensure that the nVidia or AMD Graphics driver is installed in the Windows Device Manager.
  • Open the Windows Display Properties and go to Multiple Displays control to set the display to the extended mode.
The audio connector is not functioning or there is a lag in the audio.
  • Ensure that the latest BIOS and drivers for your laptop and the docking station are installed on your laptop.
  • If your BIOS Setup has an Audio Enabled/Disabled option, make sure it is set to Enabled.
  • Ensure that the correct playback device is selected on the laptop.
  • Try to replug the audio cable to the external speaker output on the docking station.
  • First power off the docking station by disconnecting the Type-C cable and then removing the power adapter from the dock. Then, power on the docking station by connecting the power adapter to the dock before connecting the Type-C cable to your laptop.
The USB ports are not functioning on the docking station.
  • Ensure that the latest BIOS and drivers for your laptop and the docking station are installed on your laptop.
  • If your BIOS Setup has a USB Enabled/Disabled option, make sure it is set to Enabled.
  • Verify if the device is detected in Windows Device Manager and that the correct device drivers are installed.
  • Ensure that the docking station is connected securely to the laptop. Try to disconnect and reconnect the docking station to the laptop.
  • Check the USB ports. Try plugging the USB device into another port.
  • First power off the docking station by disconnecting the Type-C cable and then removing the power adapter from the dock. Then, power on the docking station by connecting the power adapter to the dock before connecting the Type-C cable to your laptop.
The HDCP content is not displayed on the attached monitor.
Note: The monitor or display connected to the docking station must support HDCP 2.2
  • Dell Docking Station WD19 supports HDCP up to HDCP 2.2
The LAN port is not functioning.
  • Ensure that the latest BIOS and drivers for your laptop and the docking station are installed on your laptop.
  • Ensure that the RealTek Gigabit Ethernet Controller is installed in the Windows Device Manager.
  • If your BIOS Setup has a LAN/GBE Enabled/Disabled option, make sure it is set to Enabled.
  • Ensure that the Ethernet cable is connected securely on the docking station and the hub/router/firewall.
  • Check the status LED of the Ethernet cable to confirm connectivity. Reconnect both ends of the Ethernet cable if the LED is not lit.
  • First power off the docking station by disconnecting the Type-C cable and then removing the power adapter from the dock. Then, power on the docking station by connecting the power adapter to the dock before connecting the Type-C cable to your laptop.
Cable LED is not ON after it is connected to your host.
  • Make sure the WD19 is connected to AC power.
  • Make sure the laptop is connected with the docking station. Try to disconnect and reconnect again with the docking station.
A USB port has no function in a pre-OS environment. If your BIOS has a USB Configuration page, please make sure the following options are checked:
  • Enable USB Boot Support
  • Enable External USB Port
PXE boot on dock does not function. If your BIOS has an integrated NIC page, please select Enabled w/PXE.
If your BIOS Setup on your laptop has a USB Configuration page, please make sure the following options are checked:
  • Enable USB Boot Support
USB Boot does not function. If your BIOS has a USB Configuration page, please make sure the following options are checked:
  • Enable USB Boot Support
  • Enable External USB Port
AC Adapter is displayed as "Not Installed" in the Battery Information page of the Dell BIOS Setup when the Thunderbolt 3 (Type-C) cable is connected.
  • Make sure the Dell Docking Station WD19 is connected properly to its adapter (240 W).
  • Make sure the cable LED of your docking station is ON.
  • Disconnect and then reconnect the USB-C cable to your laptop.
Peripherals connected to the docking station do not work in a pre-OS environment. If the BIOS Setup on your laptop has a USB Configuration page, check the following option to enable docking station function in a pre-OS environment:
  • Enable External USB Port
Alert message "You have attached an undersized power adapter to your system" is displayed when the docking station is connected to your laptop.
  • Make sure the docking station is connected properly to its power adapter. laptop requiring more than 130 W power input must also be connected to their power adapter for charging and operating at full performance.
  • First power off the docking station by disconnecting the Type-C cable and then removing the power adapter from the dock. Then, power on the docking station by connecting the power adapter to the dock before connecting the Type-C cable to your laptop.
Undersized power adapter warning message that is displayed and cable LED are off.
  • The docking connector has disconnected from the laptop's USB ports. Reconnect the docking cable from the laptop, wait for 15 seconds or more, and then dock again.
No external display. USB or data and cable LED is off.
  • The docking connector has disconnected from the laptop's USB ports. Reconnect the docking connector.
When laptop or dock is moved the cable LED turns off.
  • Avoid moving the laptop/dock when the docking cable is connected to the laptop.
Troubleshooting multiple monitor issues
  • Ensure to install the latest video drivers from Dell Drivers & Downloads website
  • Verify that the external monitor/s are connected to Dell Docking Station (WD19)
To learn more about setting up and troubleshooting issues with multiple monitor setups, refer to these Dell knowledge-base articles How to Set up Multiple Monitors or How to Troubleshoot Multiple Monitor Issues

Using Your Dell Docking Station WD19 - (3:02)

Frequently asked questions

Dell Docking Station WD19 is compatible with Dell laptops that has a USB-C port that supports DisplayPort over USB-C alternate mode. The WD19 docking station is also compatible laptops that have a Thunderbolt 3 port.

Note: To learn more about what type of USB-C port is available on your laptop, see the User Guide of the laptop.

USB-C also known as USB Type-C, is an industry standard connector for transmitting both data and power on a single cable. USB-C is a common type of connector and different protocols like USB 2.0, USB 3.0, alternate modes like USB Power Delivery, DisplayPort over USB-C and Thunderbolt 3 can be implemented. For more information, see Guide to USB Type-C

DisplayPort over USB-C enables the delivery of full DisplayPort A/V performance (driving monitor resolutions of 4K and beyond), SuperSpeed USB (USB 3.1) data and up to 100 watts of power with the convenience of reversible plug orientation and cable direction. DisplayPort is the first A/V protocol to be carried over USB-C.

To easily identify if the USB-C port supports DisplayPort over USB-C, look for the DisplayPort icon next to the USB-C port.

Before using the docking station, ensure that your laptop has a USB-C port that supports DisplayPort over USB-C designed to support the docking station.

On non-Dell laptops, you may notice limited functionality.

Dell Docking Station WD19 provides power to the laptop over USB-C cable in the following scenarios:

For Dell laptops

  • Up to 90 W with Dell laptops, when the docking station is connected to a 130 W power supply
  • Up to 130 W with Dell laptops, when the docking station is connected to a 180 W power supply

For non-Dell laptops

  • 90 W with non-Dell laptops and power supply

  • The fan is triggered by temperature. The dock fan will not rotate until the dock is hot enough to trigger a thermal threshold.
  • Conversely, if your dock is not cool enough, the fan will not stop even when you disconnect the dock from the laptop.
  • When you hear loud fan noise, it is warning you that the dock is in some kind of a hot condition. For example, the vent in the dock may be blocked or the dock is working in a high working-temperature environment (> 35C). Eliminate these abnormal conditions from the dock. If you do not eliminate the abnormal condition, in a worst-case situation, the dock shuts down through the over-temperature protection mechanism. Once this happens, please unplug the Type-C cable from the laptop and remove the dock’s power. Then, plug in the dock power to recover the dock back online.
  • This is a normal condition. First time plugging in of the dock’s AC adapter triggers the fan to rotate, but it will subsequently turn off soon.
  • The dock fan is designed with two different rotate speeds. The dock works on low fan speed. If you put the dock in a heavy loading or a high working-temperature environment, the dock fan may have a chance to work at a high speed. But, this is normal and the fan will work at a low/high speed depending on the work loading.
  • The Dell Docking Station WD19 can charge your mobile or power bank even without being connected to the laptop. Make sure your dock is connected to external power. The dock fan rotates automatically if the dock gets too warm. This is a normal working condition.
  • When a new device is plugged in, the USB hub driver notifies the Plug and Play (PnP) manager that a new device was detected. The PnP manager queries the hub driver for all the device's hardware IDs and then notifies the Windows operating system that a new device needs to be installed. In this scenario, you will see a hardware installation window.
  • Step 1: The New Device is Identified External Link
  • Identifiers for USB Devices External Link
  • Dell docking station WD19 is designed to operate on AC power only, and it does not support laptop power source back (powered by USB-C port of the laptop). A power loss event makes all devices on the dock fail to work. Even when you restore the AC power, the dock may still not function properly because the dock still needs to negotiate proper power contract with the USB-C port of the laptop and establish a laptop EC-dock-EC connection.


Article ID: SLN316828

Last Date Modified: 06/02/2020 09:41 AM

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