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Article Number: 000148745


Using DUP BIOS Updates With Administrator Options

Summary: Newer Dell models distribute BIOS update packages using the Dell Update Package (DUP) format.

Article Content


Symptoms

Newer Dell models distribute BIOS update packages using the Dell Update Package (DUP) format. The /e option does not appear to be commonly supported on many DUP BIOS packages.

How to Update the System BIOS

Duration: 01:15
Closed captions: English only

Options

The options can be invoked with the / character.

 
Option Name Description Syntax
/? or /h Help Displays command line options and help information.

Determines if the update can be applied to the target system.
package.exe /? or package.exe /h
/c Check     The /s option is required with this option.
Options /f, /e, and /r are not valid with this option.

When you click Install in the graphical user interface (GUI) mode, the same checking process is performed.
package.exe /s /c /l=c:\pkg.log
/e=<path>        Extract     Extracts all files contained in the DUP to the path you specify. If the directory specified in the path does not exist, it is created.
If the path contains spaces, use quotation marks around the <path> value.

The /s option is required with this option.
Options /f, /c, and /r are not valid with this option.

 
package.exe /s /e=c:\update
package.exe /s /e="c:\update files"
/f Force     Allows downgrade of the software to a previous (older) version.

The /s option is required with this option.
Options /e and /c are not valid with this option. 
SLN310824_en_US__1icon NOTE: Before downgrading the software to a previous version, see the documentation for the previous version.

  
 


package.exe /s /f /l=c:\pkg.log
/l=<filename> Log Appends logged messages to a specified ASCII file; creates a new file if one does not exist. If the file name contains spaces, use quotation marks around the <filename> value.

The /s option is required with this option.
package.exe /s /l=c:\pkg.log
package.exe /s /l="c:\Update Log\pkg.log"
/r Reboot Reboots the system, if required, after performing the update. The reboot does not occur:
  • If the DUP fails or is not applicable to the target system
  • If the DUP does not require a reboot
The /s option is required with this option.
Options /e and /c are not valid with this option.
package.exe /s /r /l=c:\pkg.log
/s Silent     Executes the update silently without user intervention.When /s is not specified, the DUP is launched in GUI (interactive) mode.

The /s option is required when using the /e, /f, /c, /l, and /u options.
 

 

SLN310824_en_US__1icon NOTE: Using the /s option causes all output to be written to log files.
package.exe /s /l=c:\pkg.log
/u=<filename> Unicode Log     Appends logged messages to a specified Unicode file; creates a new file if one does not exist. If the file name contains spaces, use quotation marks around the <filename> value.

The /s option is required with this option.
package.exe /s /u=c:\pkg.log
package.exe /s /u="c:\Update Log\pkg.log"

Table 1: DUP format
Examples

To silently update a system and prevent an automatic reboot:
  • package.exe /s
To silently update a system and allow an automatic reboot:
  • package.exe /s /r

Passwords

If a BIOS password is set, then the update executable will prompt the user for a password. If running the update executable from the command line, then use the /p parameter to specify the password. Example:
  • package.exe /s /p=password

Exit Codes

The most common exit code values when performing BIOS updates are 2 (REBOOT_REQUIRED) and 6 (REBOOTING_SYSTEM). Other values are below.
 
Value Message Name Display Name Description
0 SUCCESSFUL Success The update was successful.
1 UNSUCCESSFUL (FAILURE) Unsuccessful An error occurred during the update process; the update was not successful.
2 REBOOT_REQUIRED Reboot required You must restart the system to apply the updates.
3 DEP_SOFT_ERROR Soft dependency error    Some possible explanations are:​​​​​
  • You attempted to update to the same version of the software.
  • You tried to downgrade to a previous version of the software.
To avoid receiving this error, provide the /f option.
4 DEP_HARD_ERROR Hard dependency error The required prerequisite software was not found on your system. The update was unsuccessful because the system did not meet BIOS, driver, or firmware prerequisites for the update to be applied, or because no supported device was found on the target system. The DUP enforces this check and blocks an update from being applied if the prerequisite is not met, preventing the system from reaching an invalid configuration state. The prerequisite can be met by applying another DUP, if available. In this case, the other package should be applied before the current one so that both updates can succeed. A DEP_HARD_ERROR cannot be suppressed by using the /f switch.

The DUP is not applicable to the system. Some possible explanations are:
  • The operating system is not supported by the DUP.
  • The system is not supported by the DUP.
5 QUAL_HARD_ERROR Qualification error A QUAL_HARD_ERROR cannot be suppressed by using the /f switch.
6 REBOOTING_SYSTEM Rebooting system The system is being rebooted.
7 ? ? ?
8 ? ? ?
9 RPM_VERIFY_FAILED RPM verification has failed The Linux DUP framework uses RPM verification to ensure the security of all DUP dependent Linux utilities. If security is compromised, the framework displays a message and an RPM Verify Legend, and then exits with exit code 9.

Table 2: BIOS updates

References

  • DUP log message reference 
    SLN310824_en_US__1icon <ADMIN NOTE: Broken link has been removed from this post by Dell>
  • DUP FAQ
  • DUP documentation index

Cause

 

Resolution

 

Article Properties


Last Published Date

16 Apr 2021

Version

7

Article Type

Solution