How to Daisy Chain Multiple Monitors Using DisplayPort Multi-Stream Transport (MST)

Summary: Learn how to daisy chain multiple monitors using DisplayPort 1.2 Multi-Stream Transport (MST).

Article Content


Symptoms

What is DisplayPort Multi-Stream Transport (MST)?

DisplayPort Multi-Stream Transport allows you to daisy chain monitors with DisplayPort 1.2 ports. Daisy chaining describes the ability to connect a series of monitors to a single video output port on your computer or docking station. This has the benefit of reducing clutter on your desk and simplifying cable management. See the image below for an example of two monitors daisy chained to a laptop.

SLN293813_en_US__1I_DP_MST_Daisy_Chain_Illustration_TM_v1

Before you get started, make sure you have the following:

  • Compatible video or graphics card (GPU) with DisplayPort 1.2 port
  • DisplayPort 1.2 MST-capable monitor
  • Latest video or graphics card (GPU) drivers
NOTE: Not all monitors with DisplayPort 1.2 technology support DisplayPort 1.2 MST. To learn more, refer to the User Manual of your monitor.
NOTE: If you have a Dell TB16 Dock and a system with Intel graphics driver version 25.20.100.6472, both monitors in the chain need to use a DisplayPort 1.2 connection.
NOTE: Daisy chaining using DisplayPort Multi-Stream Transport (MST) is supported with DisplayPort (DP) and mini-DisplayPort (mDP) cables. USB-C to USB-C daisy chaining is supported on select Dell monitors. To learn more about Multi-Stream Transport (MST) support, see the User Manual of your Dell monitor. Cables, adapters, or converters with different form factors such as USB-C to DisplayPort, USB-C to HDMI, DisplayPort to HDMI and so on do not support daisy chaining.
NOTE: Maximum achievable resolution in Daisy Chain configuration may be impacted by system support for HBR2/HBR3 specifications. More information on system models supporting HBR3 can be found in the following article: Dell Systems Supporting HBR3 Specifications

Cause

How to connect two monitors in a daisy chain using DisplayPort MST

To connect your PC to multiple monitors using DisplayPort MST:

  1. Verify that the video or graphics card (GPU) on your PC supports DisplayPort 1.2 MST.
  2. Connect your PC to the DisplayPort In connection on the first monitor.
  3. Connect DisplayPort Out connection on the first monitor to DisplayPort In connection on the second monitor (Figure 2).
    To daisy chain more than two monitors, follow a similar sequence: The first monitor connects to the second, the second monitor connects to the third, and so on.
  4. Using the On-Screen Display (OSD) menu, Enable DisplayPort 1.2 on your monitor.
    To learn more, refer to the User Manual of your monitor.
  5. Ensure that the last monitor in the chain has DisplayPort 1.2 mode Disabled.
SLN293813_en_US__5U2415 Daisy Chain
Figure 2: Connecting 2 monitors in a daisy chain using DisplayPort 1.2 MST

 

NOTE: Use the DisplayPort cables included with your monitor. Using an incompatible DisplayPort cable may prevent the monitors from operating correctly.

Resolution

Frequently asked questions

Because your GPU can only output so many pixels, the number of monitors that you can daisy chain together is limited. This limit depends on the resolution, timings, and refresh rates of the connected monitors. Refer to the table below for some basic configuration options.

Display resolution Maximum number of monitors
1680 x 1050 5
1920 x 1080 4
2560 x 1600 2
3840 x 2160 (Ultra HD, 4K)
or
4096 x 2160 (4K x 2K)
1
Table 1: Maximum number of monitors that you can daisy chain using DisplayPort 1.2 MST

It is possible to chain together monitors with different display resolutions. For example, one 2560 x 1600 monitor could be used with two 1920 x 1080 monitors. The last monitor in the chain could even be an older DisplayPort 1.1 monitor (which only has a DisplayPort input), so long as the other monitors all have DP 1.2 inputs and outputs.

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Extended Mode requires that DisplayPort 1.2 Multi-Stream Transport (MST) capabilities be enabled. By default, this feature is not enabled on Dell monitors. Once you have enabled MST, you can set your displays to Extended Mode in Windows. See the Dell Knowledgebase article How to Setup Multiple Monitors in Microsoft Windows 10.

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No, the last monitor in the chain can does not need to support DisplayPort 1.2 Multi-Stream Transport (MST). 

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Article Properties


Affected Product

Dell U2413, Dell U2415, Dell U2417H, Precision M4800

Last Published Date

23 Mar 2021

Version

6

Article Type

Solution

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